Bhutanese architecture and monuments of Bhutan are unique and exquisite examples of the craftsmanship of the people of Bhutan. They are shaped by complex topography and climatic conditions of Bhutan. Architectural system of Bhutan still remains intact since the earliest times and has its origin in Tibetab architecture, Chinese influence and Persian influence. Inspired by older forms and ideas, architects of Bhutan developed a peculiar style for their country and innovated unique dzongs, temples and monasteries while maintaining a perfect unity of architectural style throughout the country. The buildings of Bhutan are built in harmony with the environment and perform their specific functions very well.
Shingle roofs and half-timbering are common in Bhutanese architecture and important part of Bhutan’s houses and monuments because of the easy availability of the raw material. Yet architecture of Bhutan is gentler and more elegant than Tibet. Jampa Lhakhang in Bumthang valley and Kyichu in Paro valley are some of the oldest buildings of Bhutan and were built by the Tibetan king Songtsen Gampo. Most of the monasteries in Bhutan were built between 13th to 17th centuries, while Ngawang Namgyel was the one to build so many dzongs and fortresses in the country. Red more about architectural heritage and Bhutan’s monuments in this section.