The Himalayas offers an exotic range of wildlife tour. The region has such diverse topography and such rich flora and fauna that it's a paradise for nature lovers. The snow-swathed mountains and variety of forests offers a wide range of wildlife activity. The different wild life sanctuaries and national park is the home for rare species. The types of flora, which are common in the Himlayan region, are Oak, Pine, Fir, Rhododendron, Birch, Juniper and Deodar. And among the forests Shisham, Teak and Sal are mostly seen here. Common fauna, which are seen mostly in the different parts of the Himalayas, are snow leopard, blue sheep, musk deer, tigers, elephants, wild boar, and crocodiles. Even endangered species of animals and plants are also available. In the northern range of the Himalayas where the temperature falls below freezing point and its terribly cold it is difficult for animals to survive but those who have adjusted to this harsh climate, poor vegetation, shelter and rocky terrain can only survive. During the cold winters most of the animals migrate to the lower regions of the Himalayas while others like marmots and brown bear choose to hibernate. Yak is mostly seen in the cold desert. They are like wild ox and they are the largest animals in this region. In regions of Ladakh animals like Nyan, the wild and the most largest sheep and urial are found. As you rise in altitude vegetation becomes more sparse and stunted.
The wildlife in the Himalayas is truly exotic. Nowhere in the world you
will have such varied wildlife. Because of its climatic condition,
altitude and latitude, the Himalayas showcases a variety of wildlife
species and vegetation. Rare medicinal herbs are also found here. In the
Terai region there are abundant tropical forests of Sal, Teak And
Shisham. As the height increases you can experience different varieties
of forest belts like Pine, Oak, Fir, Deodar, Rhododendron, and Juniper.
The Himalayan forests are not so lush and green but they have a
different charm. In the Terai region variety of wildlife can be seen
like elephants, tiger, deer python and wild boar, etc. Whereas in the
higher altitudes animals like musk deer, blue sheep and snow leopard can
be seen. Different kinds of birds like the Monal Pheasant are also seen
in areas of eastern, central, and the western region of the Himalayas.
Even rare species are also found here.
Some of the major places for wildlife attractions in the Himalayas
are as follows: