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Himalayas : Himalayan Facts : Himalayan Geology

Himalayan Geology


The Himalayas is considered among the youngest mountain ranges of the world. It passes through five nations: India, Pakistan, Bhutan, China and Nepal. The Himalayas are a range of mountains and not just a geographical feature.

Origin of Himalayas
The birth of Himalayas dates back to million of years ago. There were series of stages, which led to the formation of the Himalayas. The formation of the Himalayas is the result of a collision of India with Asia along the convergent boundary. There were powerful earth movement between the Indo-Australian Plate and the Eurasian Plate that resulted in the creation of the Himalayan range. The earth movements raised the deposits, which were laid down in the shallow Tethys Sea, which is on the present location of the mountains. Today also there is constant change and development in the mountains due to earthquakes and tremors. The formation of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands in the Bay of Bengal and the Arakan Yoma highlands in Myanmar is the result of this collision. The collision of India with Asia was due the mechanics beneath the earth's surface. There are various plates that collide, recede and slide from each other at about 2 cm/year. This action beneath the earth's surface leads to the rising of the Himalayas by about 5 mm per year. The heat generated beneath the earth's surface results in this action of collision. It is the process of convection that drives hot current upwards due to less density and cold current downwards due to more density. This movement of Indian plate into the Asian plate makes this region very active and prone to earthquakes. In the future also the plate will move like this causing changes in the structure of the Himalayas. The height and width of the mountain will change according to the action beneath the earth's surface. In the north the mountains will be taller and smaller in the south while the width remains the same.

So this was mainly the reason behind the formation of the Himalayas.

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