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The Himalayas is the birthplace of many important rivers. So here is a complete guide about the important rivers of the Himalayas.


Himalayas : Himalayan Facts : Main Himalayan Rivers

Main Himalayan Rivers


The five main rivers of the Himalayas are the Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Beas, and Sutlej. The Himalayas is the birthplace of many important rivers. The rivers of the Himalayas give a new dimension to the beautiful scenic beauty of the Himalayan region. The rivers are the main source of life in those areas. It helps in the formation of the forest belt and irrigation process in these regions.

Jhelum River
The river Jhelum originates from a spring called Verinag, which is 80 km south of Srinagar. It is known world wide for its pictorial beauty and nine bridges. It is a very wide river and has muddy water. It flows through Srinagar.

Chenab River
The two rivers Chandra and Bhaga merge to form the Chenab River. The Chenab is found in the Lahaul region of Himachal Pradesh. It originates from the snows found at the foot of the main range of Himalaya in the Spiti and Lahaul district. The beautiful lake of Chandra Tal originates from these rivers.

Ravi River
With this river lots of love legends are associated. The town of Chamba is situated on a mountain shelf on the right bank of the river. The region is famous for handicrafts like embroidered handkerchiefs, silver and leather craft and woodcarving.

Beas River
The valley of Kullu and Kangra is formed by river Beas. It is famous for its b eauty. But the river mainly originates from a structure like igloo near Rohtang Pass in Pir Panjal range to the north of Kullu. The main force of this river is towards south of Larji and then towards the west. There it enters the Mandi district and further still into Kangra. All its tributaries are perennial because it is snow fed. Its water increases to a great extent during the monsoon season so much so that it causes floods in its surrounding areas. The Pong Dam is constructed on the river to generate hydroelectric power supply. At a place called Pandoh in the Mandi district the water of the Beas River have been diverted through a 53 km long tunnel to the Sutlej.

Sutlej River
River Sutlej originates from the southern slopes of the holy mountain Kailash, near the lake of Mansarovar. It flows parallel to the Himalayas and finally penetrates to the Shipki pass. It cuts through the Zanskar range, and makes a deep gorge at the base of the Kinner Kailash massif. Within Kinnaur district, it runs parallel to the Hindustan-Tibet Road. Later at Karcham, in Kinnaur, it is joined by river Baspa that drains the Sangla valley.

Among the other important Himalayan Rivers are Indus River, Ganga River, Yamuna River, Brahmaputra River and Spiti River.

Indus River
It originates near the Mansarovar Lake on the Tibetan plateau. It meets with River Gurtang at an altitude of 4,200 m in the southeastern Ladakh, where it enters the Himalayas. Then it follows the northwest course between the Ladakh range in the north and the Zanskar Range in the south. Places like Leh, Marol, Skardu and Bunji have grown along the Indus River in Ladakh.

Ganga River
Ganga River is considered the holy river of India. In Hindu religion it is held in high regard. Ganga or the Ganges is the holiest of all rivers. It is a perpetual river, which originates from the Gangotri Glacier located at 14,000 ft at the foothills of the Himalayas in north Uttar Pradesh. River Bhagirathi, which joins with Alaknanda, to form river Ganga at the town of Devprayag. It is considered as one of the most auspicious and holy river of India.

Yamuna River
The origin of river Yamuna or Jamuna is from the Bundar Poonch glaciers located in the district of Uttarkashi of the state of Uttaranchal. It grows from Jamunotri, in the Himalayas. The river flows towards the south direction through the Himalayan foothills and onto the plains of north India along the Uttar Pradesh and Haryana State border.

Brahmaputra River
Brahmaputra River is considered as one of the great rivers of Asia. It starts its 3000 km journey from the slopes of Kailash in western Tibet to the Bay of Bengal. It commences as Tibet's great river the Tsangpo, and then it finally turns south where it emerges in Arunachal Pradesh as the Dihong. Just beyond Pasighat, it meets the Dibang and Lohit where it finally becomes the Brahmaputra. This is the course of the river Brahmaputra.

Spiti River
The Spiti River originates from the Kunzum Pass, which is 16,000 ft high. The valley of Spiti is named after this river. It joins the Sutlej River near the village of Namgiya in Kinnaur district after flowing for about 60 miles.





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