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The Himalayas is all about glistening mountain peaks, turbulent rivers and amazing forests and rare animals. It showcases some of the amazing flora and fauna. Here are some facts about Himalayan flora and fauna.

Himalayas : Himalayan Facts : Himalayan Flora and Fauna

Himalayan Flora and Fauna

Not many places in the world can charm you like the Himalayas. Not every place gives you the reason to visit there every season. But then every place does not boast of the beauty as the Himalayas. The Himalayas are covered with different array of flora and fauna. With its exotic wildlife and natural beauty it has always attracted travelers and tourist across the world. The eastern and the western regions of the Himalayas are covered with varied forests. The Western region is known for blue pine, spruce, silver fir, junipers, conifers deodar, and Chirpine, which are found in abundance. While the eastern Himalayas are famous for maples, rhododendrons, alder, and birch, oaks, laurels, and dwarf willows. The region of Assam is known for lush evergreen forests and bamboo and tall grasses. The Himalayas is the home to many rare species. Nearly about one third of all mountain animals live here. Due to Himalayas long range, which extends to over 1,500 miles in length and 250 miles in width it is divided into three ranges: the Lesser, Greater and Outer Himalayas. Since the range is so much in length and width that variety of climatic condition, vegetation and wildlife can be seen. The Himalayan regions have many national park and wildlife sanctuaries. So for people who really want to experience the flora and fauna of the Himalayas it will be a wonderful experience.

Spring and summer is the best time to visit as the flowers are in full bloom during this time to welcome the visitors with a burst of colors. During autumn the chinars take on a special red hue. The Great Himalayan National Park in the Seraj Forest is a host to variety of birds and mammals. You can find around 152 species of birds among which 50 are summer visitors and rests are residents. Various kinds of mammals are also found in this area. There is another National Park in Arunachal Pradesh called Namdapha the flora and the fauna facet of this park is truly amazing. The biodiversity of Namadapha's is very rich. The Himalayan region is very rich in biodiversity. Himalayas is known for varied landscape, vegetation and wildlife.

Most of the Himalayan regions have a harsh climatic conditions and environment it becomes difficult for plants and animals to survive. So only those animals and plants that can adjust themselves to this environment can survive. Plants like the tea plant and shrub type plants and rhododendrons that can adapt to the low temperatures and high winds can grow. The plants found in this region mostly grow low to the ground because of the climatic conditions. The National Highway No. 22 is the route, which passes through the plains to the forested mountain ranges, along the Sutlej through the gorge in the great Himalayan range near Shipkila on the Indo-Tibet border. Here the places, which can be accessed, are the forests on the ridgeline on which lie Shimla, Narkanda and the amazing forests of silver Fir starting from Narkanda. Nowhere in the world you will find such variations in the vegetation and wildlife. From the plains to the snow capped mountains you will witness forests of Oak, Rhododendron, Birch, Pine, Deodar and Fir.

Mostly common animals are found in the Himalayan Alpine and the surrounding areas of the Himalayas. Animals that have adapted to the climatic conditions of the Himalayan regions are mountain goats. They have special features like thick coat for providing warmth and tough hooves to run up and down the rocky slopes. In the Outer Himalayan region the forested lower slopes is the home for animals like rhinoceroses, bison, and Elephants. While in the foothills animals like red panda, brown bear, snow leopard, black bear, and languor monkey are found. Tibetan yak are another animal, which is found in areas above 10,000 ft. The Himalayas is also the home for rare species like Kashmir stag, musk deer, and rhinoceros. Beautiful varieties of butterflies are also found. Catfish are quite common in most of the Himalayan streams. The forest formations here are totally influenced by the rainfall, height and latitude. As you travel from the east to west the rainfall decreases. And depending on the rainfall the vegetation grows. So to capture the very essence of the Himalayas it is important you travel to those fascinating places as the flora and fauna will definitely amaze you.

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